Sometimes the only way to take a close look at objects which are a long way away is to make a small crop as with this KLM airliner which passed over a few days ago. It was so high that it could not be heard at all.
The photo as taken with 400mm zoom:
Then a small crop processed in PaintShop Pro X2 to adjust contrast and reduce noise:
Another way to get close, this time to small objects, is to put them under a microscope. I have had a cheap and cheerful microscope for years but after reading Phil's posts in his excellent blog - Beyond the Human Eye - I decided to buy a better quality microscope second hand. At first I tried to photograph using a digital camera over the lens but results were poor to say the least so in the end I invested in a USB camera which fits in place of the top lens in the microscope.
Results are much better but the main problem is lack of depth of field with 3D subjects like this lichen I found growing on a dead twig.
The camera can be seen sticking out of the top of the microscope. I am at the let's see what we can see on this stage and at the moment just admiring the intricate patterns and shapes that Nature creates but are completely overlooked by the unaided eye.
Pollen gathering spiders
1 hour ago